A web developer is defined as a technical professional responsible for building applications and websites to be hosted on the internet, typically working in close collaboration with a graphic designer or product manager to translate programming logic and design ideas into web-compatible code. This article explains the roles and responsibilities of web developers, the skills they require, and salary expectations in 2022.
What Does a Web Developer Do? Roles and Responsibilities
A web developer is a technical professional responsible for building applications and websites hosted on the internet, typically working in close collaboration with a graphic designer or product manager to translate programming logic and design ideas into web-compatible code.
A web developer is an expert in designing and developing websites. They guarantee that websites satisfy users ’ expectations by ensuring they are aesthetically pleasing, operate without hiccups, and provide quick entry points with no loading difficulties or error messages.
A web developer is accountable for a company website’s code, design, and layout. Due to the role’s emphasis on user experience and functionality, visual design and programming skills (like COBOL), are required. After a website has been developed, a web developer will typically help with its upkeep and maintenance.
The popularity of digital marketing is now increasing, and many businesses plan to offer their goods and services online. Nevertheless, not all companies have achieved their digital marketing objectives. A site with a design that is five years woefully out of date will not attract the attention of modern online users.
Serious players are aware of this, so they often update their websites to provide the most recent experience. The strong interest among small/mid-sized entrepreneurs in implementing digital sites and the continual need to modernize outdated technology are propelling the web development market to new heights.
The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) projects that demands for web developers will increase by 8% between 2019 and 2029, which is faster than the average for all occupations.
Types of web developer roles
Full-stack web developer, front-end web developer, and back-end web developer are some of the critical roles to look at on this path:
- Back-end web developer: Back-end web developers provide code for server-side systems and services, which, when combined with front-end technologies, contribute to producing a smooth, personalized response to an end user’s request for a website. Professionals in back-end web development specialize in server-side scripting languages.
- Front-end web developer: Front-end developers are coders who focus on the website’s structural layout. They achieve an appropriate mix of web design’s graphical, functional, and aesthetic components to guarantee maximum efficiency across all devices.
- Full-stack developer: A full-stack web developer is an expert in both back-end and front-end programming. Due to their knowledge of both technologies, full-stack engineers are the highest-paid experts in the web development business.
Regardless of the web developer job description (front-end, back-end, or full-stack), prospective developers have two key career options. Depending on your preferences, you may apply for compensated positions in organizations or operate as an independent web developer.
Online development experts with extensive experience typically design, create and optimize web apps and websites from end to end. They have extensive knowledge of SEO (Search Engine Optimization) best practices, web development programming languages, and extensive experience. Typically, senior web developers oversee teams composed of younger engineers.
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Key responsibilities of a web developer
Typically, a web developer is tasked with the following:
1. Creating the website through programming (and not no-code tools)
The primary professional objective of a web developer is to write code to make a website. They must employ various programming techniques and tools to deliver high-quality results. In addition, they must conform to contemporary web development standards and ethics. The developer must maintain a coding environment that is reusable, understandable, and simple to modify or debug. Additionally, they must often update the program to retain a flexible coding framework.
2. Testing the website before deployment and then at regular intervals
Developers must routinely examine their websites to detect flaws early. Before publishing the program, they must review the code for potential bugs. Thorough testing will avoid future issues. To guarantee that the standards are completed, they must also get continuous input from clients and consumers.
3. Debugging the website code
Bugs make a website ineffective when the coding cannot offer website visitors functionality. After debugging, a web developer optimizes the code to improve performance. Regular testing and validation of the code guarantee that the code functions as intended and that a website application continues to be operational. The capacity to detect, evaluate, and eliminate mistakes may facilitate a positive user experience and promote business growth.
4. Maintaining the website and supporting the organization/client on website updates
To keep customers happy, a site must respond as quickly as feasible. If an application opens slowly, customers will be less likely to use it again. Therefore, site developers must guarantee that all functions are operational. This position involves spreading updates to maintain the website’s functionality. They must ensure that all security protocols are in place and promptly detect anomalies.
5. Collaborating with designers to understand and execute their vision
Web developers collaborate with creative specialists and designers to extract the intended visual outcomes for a website. This part of web development is necessary for creating a responsive product. The web developer interacts with the designers to effectively guarantee the implementation of key features and functionalities. The objective is to develop a consistent theme throughout all web pages.
The primary area of operations for the designer is curating the site’s graphics and branding. However, the web developer executes the coding necessary for the visual components to function. Therefore, they must work successfully and transparently, each feeding off the other’s ideas.
6. Connecting the database and maintaining integrations
Because almost all software manipulates large amounts of data, database management is essential. Offline use of the program necessitates data synchronization between internal memory and remote databases. This is why mobile developers must have database knowledge. SQLite is crucial for mobile coding because it enables data to be stored forever.
7. Ensuring responsive design
A responsive website seamlessly adapts to various screen sizes, including those of mobile phones, tablets, and desktop computers. This technique utilizes a combination of flexible grids and layouts, media, and intelligent code to guarantee that web pages scale appropriately to accommodate various screen sizes.
Web pages might seem broken if their design is not responsive, impacting the website’s number of visits. Creating a responsive site design may play a pivotal role in web development, as it can enhance the user experience, thereby increasing conversions.
In addition to these essential duties, additional responsibilities may include:
- Organizing and displaying design specifications
- Understanding, developing, and testing web application security features
- Understanding HTML, CSS, PHP, and others for coding languages
- Working with visuals
- Maintaining documentation for software
- Retaining a current understanding of technology
- Implementing backup procedures if the site crashes
In short, web developers are responsible for creating and maintaining websites. Typically, they will spend their time developing code languages like HTML5, which is used by many mobile devices and maintaining the site’s technical elements, such as its ability to manage traffic without crashing.
A web developer is responsible for the design and functionality of websites. They interact with the web and visual designers, analyze website traffic, handle website issues, and upgrade websites as required. The everyday activities of web developers vary by industry, job, and assignment. Frequently, developers must communicate with customers, arrange online layouts, write code to allow site functionality, and create or add verbal or graphic content to the code framework.
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Web Developer Key Skill Requirements in 2022
A remarkable portfolio and good knowledge of HTML will set you up for surefire success as a web developer. However, there are other qualities that will advance your career and drive success in the area of web development:
1. Hard skills like expertise in coding languages
Coding is one of the most important hard skills required of a web developer, and these individuals must be proficient in several of the programming languages listed below:
- Cascading Style Sheets (CSS): Web developers use CSS to manage the overall appearance of site components across many pages. CSS language may affect the appearance of font faces, colors, element spacing, and element sizes.
- PHP: This is a server-side scripting language used in online CMSs, HTML code, web template structures, and web frameworks. Web developers often use PHP in server scripting to define how a website responds to user activities.
- HTML5: HTML5 is the most recent version of the HTML standard, which is a markup language used to bring structure to online content. Web developers use HTML5 to determine how to structure text like paragraphs, headers, lists, links, and other element categories.
In addition, web developers must show proficiency in frameworks such as ASP.NET and Angular.js. ASP.NET is an open-source framework that offers web developers the tools and resources necessary to create dynamic websites, apps, and services. Even though there are other online application architectures, web developers often choose ASP.NET as the industry standard.
2. Analytical thinking and a logic-driven approach to solving problems
Programming languages function according to rules and definitions. If you are inherently adept at solving issues rationally, you will learn these languages considerably faster. As you see them in operation, you will acquire an aptitude for deconstructing statements into their fundamental components and anticipating their logical results. Web developers who must keep track of various jobs, initiatives, timelines, costs, and workflow planning will benefit significantly from logically-based organizational techniques.
3. Creativity and an aesthetic sense
Developers are accountable for developing the most elegant end-user solution. As you undertake more complicated tasks, you’ll discover that there is seldom a single solution to the issue: one may have numerous pathways available, and it requires a sense of creativity to envision how each would function. Further, a robust aesthetic sense is helpful when collaborating with design personnel as it helps visualize what the end web product will look like.
4. Curiosity and being a quick learner
As a result, web developers must stay abreast of any significant new programming languages, web development software, and industry trends. Even coding professionals with extensive degrees in computer science will need ongoing skill development to remain competitive. In reality, there is nearly always a link between learning capacities and technical proficiency, which results in higher pay. Success as a developer does necessitate a dedication to lifelong learning, which is advantageous for the vast majority of workers in the area.
5. Knowledge of version control systems like Git
A web developer may utilize a version control system to monitor, manage, and modify code shifts/alterations. Git is an instance of a code version control mechanism that enables rapid mistake detection and correction. The application allows you to record the modifications you’ve performed on the code so you may examine it before making any modifications. This is essential for full-stack web developers who operate under tight deadlines.
6. Search engine optimization (SEO) skills
Many customers prefer that the independent web developers they employ understand the fundamentals of SEO. This is because a website with efficient SEO scores higher in search engine results, drawing more visitors. SEO is a crucial skill for web developers since customers typically want to enhance their website’s traffic.
7. Communication, attention to detail, and other soft skills
Even the tiniest misspelling might result in a 404. Programmers are taught to reread their code numerous times to check for flaws and find efficiency. It requires patience, intense concentration, and the ability to see one’s work objectively.
Communication is another area of soft skill development for this role. Whether you are a member of a large engineering department or a solo, you will need to interact with various stakeholders during the project. One must remain receptive to suggestions from designers, clients, and other team members and communicate through potential barriers. Promoting open communication channels will produce a superior final product and help you grow as a developer.
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Web Developer Salary in 2022
The average yearly salary for web developers in the United States is $104,080, according to statistics from Glassdoor (as of September 15, 2022). Numerous variables, including experience, region, living costs, and expertise levels, may affect earnings. Typically, novice web developers earn less than seasoned experts, but those with more certificates or training make more.
Professional Certifications and an associate’s degree allow you to develop your programming skills and demonstrate your experience. A bachelor’s degree is not required for web developers. However, individuals with a postsecondary degree often make much better earnings. In addition, certain businesses may seek web developers with degrees in disciplines like computer science or engineering.
Web developers with bachelor’s degrees may potentially work in management positions and earn extra revenue. According to the BLS, computer science and information system administrators earn a median annual income of $159,010 despite commencing their careers as web developers. Apart from educational background, seniority is another crucial factor driving web developer salaries. Glassdoor estimates the following average total compensation for three primary levels of expertise::
- Entry-level web developer with 1-3 years of experience: $111,946 salary on an average
- Intermediate web developer with less than 7 years of experience: $113,927 salary on an average
- Senior web developer with up to 10 years of experience: $116,767 salary on an average
As practically every sector requires a digital presence for profitability, web developers may find work in various areas. However, certain businesses tend to employ more web developers than others, and pay rates might vary by industry. Computer systems design, unified communications, publishing, administration, science and technology consulting services, branding, advertising, and public relations are the most common areas for employment.
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Web development is now among the key pillars of doing business. Every company needs a website to establish its online presence, some (like e-commerce) conduct their business on the web, and others provide essential services via web apps, such as Software as a Service (SaaS) companies. Therefore, demand for web developers will continue to be high in the next few years, and the rise of new systems like Web3 will make highly skilled web developers more coveted than ever before.
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